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InFIBERmation

InFIBERmation Tips

Weaving Tips

Common Yarns Sett Chart

Warp Sett Reed Substitution Chart

Knitting Tips

Yarn Gauge & Needle Size

General Tips

Care Chart -- How to Care for your Favorite Yarn

Yarn Gauge Numbers

Projects and Patterns--all free

Weaving Projects and Patterns

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Care Chart -- How to Care for your Favorite Yarn
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Any of our fine yarns can be hand washed gently with cool water and layed flat to dry.
Some of our yarns can be machine washed, but you will need to decide if you feel machine washing would negatively alter your finished piece.
The cotton and rayon blends can generally be machine washed, but should not be put in a dryer unless you use low heat.
Panda cotton - absolutely NO HEAT because of the elastic.
Machine washable wools : these have been treated so they can be machine washed and dried, but use only cool to warm water, and low to medium heat. Excessive agitation or heat could still cause some felting.

YARN

Care Information

20/2 silk

Silk-can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

30/2 silk

Silk-can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

andromeda

Silk-can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

nantucket

Silk-can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

carrera

Silk-can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

cascade natural

Silk-can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

cascade black

Silk-can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

cascade petite natural

Silk-can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

cascade petite black

Silk-can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

20/2 tussah silk

Silk-can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

silk/yak

Can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

silk/camel

Can be hand washed, cool water, lay flat to dry.

alpaca lace

Hand wash.

prime alpaca

Hand wash.

peruvian tweed

Hand wash.

alpine

Machine wash & dry.

curly q

Machine wash & dry.

irish lace

Hand wash.

island cotton

Machine wash & dry.

monte cristo

Machine wash & dry.

queen annes lace

Machine wash & dry.

safari

Machine wash & dry.

tabitha

Machine wash & dry.

twirly

Machine wash & dry.

ziggy

Machine wash & dry.

casino

Machine wash.

shahrzade

Machine wash.

moya

Machine wash.

julee

Hand wash.

tencel

Machine wash.

andee

Hand wash.

bolero

Hand wash.

cestari

Hand wash.

gaia worsted

Hand wash.

gaia sport

Hand wash.

gracie

Hand wash.

Kid Mohair

Hand wash.

kona fingering

Machine wash & dry.

kona ww

Machine wash & dry.

kona sport

Machine wash & dry.

kona bulky

Machine wash & dry.

montana

Hand wash.

monty 3/9

Hand wash.

moriah

Hand wash.

Orlando

Hand wash.

periwinkle

Hand wash.

toaga natural

Hand wash.

treadsoft

Hand wash.

zohar fingering

Machine wash & dry.

aztec white

Machine wash & dry.

aztec med br

Machine wash & dry.

aztec dark br

Machine wash & dry.

inca natural

Machine wash & dry.

inca ur

Machine wash & dry.

bamboo cotton

Machine wash & dry.

panda superwash wool

Machine wash & dry.

panda cotton

Hand wash.

bamboo silk

Hand wash.


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Common Yarns Sett Chart
Provided by Schacht Spindle Company

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YARN SIZE

yd/lb

tabby

twill

Cotton

20/2 cotton

8,400

24-30

32-36

10/2 cotton

4,200

24-28

30

8/2 cotton

3,360

15-22

22-30

8/4 cotton

1,680

12-15

20

5/2 cotton

2,100

15-18

20

4/2 cotton

1,680

12

15-16

3/2 cotton

1,260

10-12

15

Linen

20/2 linen

3,000

20-24

30

12/1 linen

3,600

22-25

30-32

4/1 linen

1,400

12-15

15-18

Silk

20/2 spun silk

5,000

18

28

30/2 spun silk

7,500

28

36

60/2 spun silk

15,000

60

70

12/2 spun silk-cascade petite

3,000

16

20

30/2 angora/silk

7,500

28

36

30/2 camel/silk

7,500

28

136

32/2 yak/silk

28

36

30/2 tussah silk

7,500

30

36

20/2 tussah silk

5,000

18

28

30/2 muga

7,500

30

36

20/2 peduncle

use as weft only

30/4 eri silk

3,750

15

20

8/2 spun silk - cascade

2.000

12

16

5/2 spun silk

1,250

10

15

rapunzel 2 ply - tussah silk

990

10

15

Tiara silk boucle

1,485

8

10

Noil Silk

1,350

10

15

Silk Blends

Bamboo Silk 990

990

10

150

Bamboo Silk Sport

1,480

12

18

Andromeda-Wool/Silk

1,000

10

150

Carrera- Wool/Silk

2,000

12

18

Nassau-Silk/Cotton

1,240

10

150

Nantucket - Mohair/Wool/Silk Loop

780

6

n/a

Kashmir Silk Sport

1,480

12

18

Swiss Lace - Wool/Silk

4,960

18

28

Wool

20/2 worsted wool

5,600

20-24

28

12/3 worsted wool

2,160

15-18

20

6.5/1 wool

3,200

18-20

22-25

12/2 wool

3,000

18-20

22-25

7/2 wool

1,640

12-15

15-18

6.5/2 wool

1,600

10-12

15-18

1.3/1 wool

600

8-12

12-15

2.2/2 wool

550

8-10

10-12


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Warp Sett Reed Substitution Chart
(Ends Per Inch)
Provided by Schacht Spindle Company

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"A mind that is stretched to a new idea never returns to its original dimension."
--Oliver Wendell Holmes

 

Order of Sley in Reed

Reed Size in Dents per Inch

5

6

8

10

12

15

18

20

0-0-1

2

2

3

3

4

5

6

7

0-1

2 1/2

3

4

5

6

7 1/2

9

10

0-1-1

3

4

5

7

8

10

12

13

0-1-1-1

4

4 1/2

6

7 1/2

9

11 1/2

13 1/2

15

1

5

6

8

10

12

15

18

20

1-1-1-2

6

7 1/2

10

12 1/2

15

19

22 1/2

25

1-1-2

7

8

11

13

16

20

24

27

1-2

7 1/2

9

12

15

18

22 1/2

27

30

1-2-2

8

10

13

17

20

25

30

33

1-2-2-2

9

10 1/2

14

17 1/2

21

26

31 1/2

35

2

10

12

16

20

24

30

36

40

2-2-2-3

11

13 1/2

18

22 1/2

27

34

40 1/2

45

2-2-3

12

14

19

23

28

35

42

47

2-3

12 1/2

15

20

25

30

37 1/2

45

50

2-3-3

13

16

21

27

32

40

48

53

2-3-3-3

14

16 1/2

22

27 1/2

33

41

49 1/2

55

3

15

18

24

30

36

45

54

60

3-3-3-4

16

19 1/2

26

32 1/2

39

49

58 1/2

65

3-3-4

17

20

27

33

40

50

60

67

3-4

17 1/2

21

28

35

42

52 1/2

63

70

3-4-4

18

22

29

37

44

55

66

73

4

20

24

32

40

48

60

72

80

4-4-5

22

26

35

43

52

65

78

87

4-5-5

23

28

37

47

56

70

84

93

5

25

30

40

50

60

75

90

100



Yarn Gauge & Needle Size


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YARN

Yards per Pound

Needle Size-US

Suggested Gauge

Alpaca Lace

4960

# 00-2

8 st/in

Alpine

800

# 7-9

5 st/in

Andee

1000

# 7-9

5 st/in

Aztec Boucle

1090

# 2-5

6.25 st/in

Bamboo Cotton

990

# 7-9

5 st/in

Carrera

2000

# 3-6

8 st/in

Gaia Sport

1490

# 2-5

6.25 st/in

Gaia Worsted

1120

# 6-8

5 st/in

Inca Cotton

640

# 8-9

4 st/in

Island Cotton

740

# 10

4 st/in

Jaggerspun Greenline

1490

# 4-6

6 st/in

Jaggerspun Zephyr 2/18

5040

# 1-2

8 st/in

Jaggerspun Zephyr 4/8

1120

# 7-9

5 st/in

Kona Bulky

430

# 10-11

3 st/in

Kona Fingering

2240

# 2-4

7 st/in

Kona Sport

1540

# 2-5

6.25 st/in

Kona Worsted

1120

# 7-9

5 st/in

Licorice Twist

1120

# 7-9

5 st/in

Mikado

280

# 10.5

3.5 st/in

Montana

1120

# 7-9

5 st/in

Monte Cristo

1100

# 6-8

5 st/in

Nantucket

780

# 10-11

3.5 st/in

Panda Cotton

1655

# 1-2

6 - 7 st/in

Panda Silk

1855

# 1-2

7 - 8 st/in

Panda Superwash

1655

# 1-2

7 - 8 st/in

Peruvian Tweed

1200

# 4-6

5.5 st/in

Pony 2 ply

3500

# 00-2

8 st/in

Prime Alpaca

1300

# 3-5

6 st/in

Queen Anne*s Lace

1650

# 4-6

6 st/in

Shahrazade

1020

# 7-9

5 st/in

Toaga

980

# 4-6

5.75 st/in

Twirly

1000

# 6-8

5 st/in

Zohar

2240

# 2-4

7 st/in

 




 

Yarn Gauge Numbers
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Many methods of expressing yarn weight, length and purpose predate modern measurement methods. Weight and length were easily accessible. So, the amount of cotton required for one mile (5280 feet) of yarn was used to express the size of the yarn. The major source of information is: http://www.sizes.com/units/yarn_numbers.htm

SYSTEMS

Sizing yarn falls into two basic traditional types, and a third modern one.

Length

Based on the length of yarn needed to make up a specified weight. The larger the number, the finer the yarn. Cotton, wool and linen are numbered with such systems.

Mass

Based on the mass of a specified length of yarn. The larger the number, the heavier the yarn. Silk, synthetic fibers and jute are numbered with such systems.

Modern

The actual maximum diameter of the yarn is specified.

Many yarns consist of more than one ply. To describe the weight of multi-ply yarn both the number of plies and a yarn number must be given. s are A fraction is used twoumbers separated by a slash. The first number is the number of plies. The second number is the cut or run number of the yarn as a whole, not of the plies separately. So, for example, 2/10s cut yarn would have two plies, and 3000 yards would weigh a pound. In other words, the plies themselves would be 20-cut. A different format is used for silk.


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